|Alternative Spellings||Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra|
|Creation||1842, December 7th|
Ureli Corelli Hill
Henry Timm - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
Denis Etienne - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
William Alpers - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
George Loder - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
Louis Wiegers - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
Alfred Boucher - Conductor from 1842 to 1849
Theodore Eisfeld - Conductor from 1849 to 1855
Henry Timm - Conductor from 1854 to 1855
Carl Bergmann - Conductor from 1855 to 1856
Theodore Eisfeld - Conductor from 1856 to 1865
Carl Bergmann - Conductor from 1858 to 1876
Leopold Damrosch - Conductor from 1876 to 1877
Theodore Thomas - Conductor from 1877 to 1878
Adolf Neuendorff - Conductor from 1878 to 1879
Theodore Thomas - Conductor from 1879 to 1891
Anton Seidl - Conductor from 1891 to 1898
Emil Paur - Conductor from 1898 to 1902
Walter Damrosch - Conductor from 1902 to 1903
Wassily Safonoff - Conductor from 1906 to 1909
Gustav Mahler - Conductor from 1909 to 1911
Josef Stránský - Conductor from 1911 to 1923
Willem Mengelberg - Conductor from 1922 to 1930
Arturo Toscanini - Conductor from 1928 to 1936
John Barbirolli (Giovanni Battista Barbirolli) - Conductor from 1936 to 1941
Artur Rodziński - Conductor from 1943 to 1947
Bruno Walter (Bruno Schlesinger) - Conductor from 1947 to 1949
Leopold Stokowski - Conductor from 1949 to 1950
Dimitri Mitropoulos - Conductor from 1949 to 1958
Leonard Bernstein - Conductor from 1958 to 1969
George Szell - Conductor from 1969 to 1970
Pierre Boulez - Conductor from 1971 to 1977
Zubin Mehta - Conductor from 1978 to 1991
Kurt Masur - Conductor from 1991 to 2002
Lorin Maazel - Conductor from 2002 to 2009
Alan Gilbert - Conductor from 2009 to 2017
Jaap van Zweden - Conductor from 2018
|City||New York, NY, United States|
|Country||United States of America|
The New York Philharmonic was founded in 1842 by the American conductor Ureli Corelli Hill, with the aid of the Irish composer William Vincent Wallace. The orchestra was then called the Philharmonic Society of New York. The first concert of the Philharmonic Society took place on December 7, 1842.
During the Philharmonic's first seven seasons, seven musicians alternated the conducting duties. This changed in 1849 when Theodore Eisfeld was installed as sole conductor for the season. Eisfeld, later along with Carl Bergmann, would be the conductor until 1865. That year, Eisfeld conducted the Orchestra's memorial concert for the recently assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
Another celebrated conductor, Anton Seidl, served until 1898. During his tenure, the Philharmonic enjoyed a period of unprecedented success and prosperity and performed its first world premiere – Antonín Dvořák's Ninth Symphony "From the New World". Seidl's sudden death in 1898 was widely mourned.
In 1909, to ensure the financial stability of the Philharmonic, a group of wealthy New Yorkers formed the Guarantors Committee and changed the Orchestra's organization from a musician-operated cooperative to a corporate management structure. The Guarantors were responsible for bringing Gustav Mahler to the Philharmonic as principal conductor.
Arturo Toscanini, who had guest-conducted for several seasons, became the sole conductor and in 1930 led the group on a European tour that brought immediate international fame to the Orchestra. Toscanini remained music director until the spring of 1936, then returned several times as a guest conductor until 1945.
That same year nationwide radio broadcasts began. The orchestra was first heard on CBS directly from Carnegie Hall. The radio broadcasts continued without interruption for 38 years.
Leonard Bernstein, who had made his historic, unrehearsed and spectacularly successful debut with the Philharmonic in 1943, was Music Director for 11 seasons, a time of significant change and growth. Two television series were initiated on CBS: the Young People's Concerts and Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic. The former program, launched in 1958, made television history, winning every award in the field of educational television.
In 1971, Pierre Boulez became the first Frenchman to hold the post of Philharmonic Music Director. During his tenure, the Philharmonic inaugurated the "Live From Lincoln Center" television series in 1976.
On May 5, 2010, the New York Philharmonic performed its 15,000th concert, a milestone unmatched by any other symphony orchestra in the world. Wikipedia