|Alternative Spellings||Berlin State Orchestra|
Otto Nicolai - Conductor from 1848 to 1849
Richard Strauss - Conductor from 1899 to 1913
Herbert von Karajan - Conductor from 1941 to 1945
Daniel Barenboim - Conductor from 1992
Clemens Krauss - Conductor from 1935 to 1936
Johann Friedrich Agricola - Conductor from 1759 to 1775
Johann Friedrich Reichardt - Conductor from 1775 to 1794
Bernhard Anselm Weber - Conductor from 1816 to 1820
Giacomo Meyerbeer - Conductor from 1842 to 1846
Robert Radecke - Conductor from 1871 to 1887
Joseph Sucher - Conductor from 1888 to 1899
Leo Blech - Conductor from 1913 to 1920
Erich Kleiber - Conductor from 1923 to 1934
Joseph Keilberth - Conductor from 1948 to 1951
Erich Kleiber - Conductor from 1954 to 1955
Franz Konwitschny - Conductor from 1955 to 1962
Otmar Suitner - Conductor from 1964 to 1990
The Staatskapelle Berlin is a German orchestra, the orchestra of the Berlin State Opera (Berliner Staatsoper Unter den Linden).
The orchestra traces its roots to 1570, when Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg established the rules for an orchestra at his court which had been constituted, at an unknown date. In 1701, the affiliation of the Electors of Brandenburg to the position of King of Prussia led to the description of the orchestra as "Königlich Preußische Hofkapelle" (Royal Prussian Court Orchestra), which consisted of about 30 musicians. The orchestra became affiliated with the Royal Court Opera, established in 1742 by Frederick the Great. Noted musicians associated with the orchestra have included Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Franz Benda, and Johann Joachim Quantz.
The first concert by the ensemble for a wider audience outside of the royal courts was on 1 March 1783 at the Hotel Paris, led by Johann Friedrich Reichardt, the ensemble's Kapellmeister. After the advent of Giacomo Meyerbeer as Kapellmeister, from 1842, the role of the orchestra expanded and a first annual concert series for subscribers was launched. The orchestra gave a number of world and German premieres of works by Richard Wagner, Felix Mendelssohn, and Otto Nicolai.
The orchestra's music director, the Staatskapellmeister, holds the same post with the Berlin State Opera. The orchestra was in the East German part of Berlin, and thus was part of East Germany from 1945 to 1990.
The current holder of the posts has been Daniel Barenboim since 1992. Barenboim has had the title of "conductor for life" for the ensemble since 2000. Barenboim and the orchestra have made several recordings for the Teldec and Decca labels. Wikipedia