|Alternative Spellings||The Hallé|
John Barbirolli (Giovanni Battista Barbirolli) - Conductor from 1943 to 1970
Kent Nagano - Conductor from 1992 to 1999
Mark Elder - Conductor from 2000
Hans Richter - Conductor from 1899 to 1911
Charles Hallé (Carl Halle) - Conductor from 1858 to 1895
Thomas Beecham - Conductor from 1915 to 1920
Hamilton Harty (Herbert Hamilton Harty) - Conductor from 1920 to 1934
Stanisław Skrowaczewski - Conductor from 1983 to 1992
|City||Manchester, United Kingdom|
In May 1857 the pianist and conductor Charles Hallé set up an orchestra to perform at the Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition. Hallé decided to continue working with the orchestra as a formal organisation, and it gave its first concert under those auspices on 30 January 1858. The orchestra's first home was the Free Trade Hall. By 1861 the orchestra was in financial trouble, and it performed only two concerts that year.
Hans Richter served as music director from 1899 to 1911. During his tenure, the orchestra gave the first performance of the Symphony No. 1 of Sir Edward Elgar.
In 1943 the orchestra was again in crisis, having diminished in size to 30 players. Over the next 27 years, from 1943 to 1970, the orchestra's next music director, Sir John Barbirolli, restored the Hallé to national prominence. Together, they made many recordings, including the first recording of Ralph Vaughan Williams' Symphony No. 8.
Kent Nagano was principal conductor of the orchestra from 1992 to 1999. The orchestra moved from the Free Trade Hall to the Bridgewater Hall in 1996, as its primary concert venue. Poor financial management at the orchestra contributed to the fiscal troubles of the orchestra. The orchestra faced major financial problems during the late 1990s, including a £1.3 million deficit in 1998, to the point where the existence of the orchestra was threatened with loss of funding from the Arts Council and ultimately bankruptcy.
During 1997 there was an eight-month period when the orchestra had no executive director. Leslie Robinson served for two years as chief executive after that period, starting changes to the orchestra to start to bring under control the orchestra's financial troubles.
Since 1999, the orchestra's chief executive has been John Summers, who continued the fiscal practices to restore greater financial security to the orchestra. In 2001, the Arts Council awarded the orchestra a £3.8 million grant to allow it to pay off accumulated debts and increase musician salaries.
In September 2000 Sir Mark Elder took up the position of music director. His concerts with the orchestra have received consistently positive reviews, and he is generally regarded as having restored the orchestra to high critical and musical standards.
The orchestra appointed its first-ever principal guest conductor, Cristian Mandeal, in 2006. He served in this post until 2009.