|Alternative Spellings||Het Residentie Orkest, The Hague Philharmonic|
Jaap van Zweden - Conductor from 2000 to 2005
Neeme Järvi - Conductor from 2005 to 2012
Henri Anastase Viotta - Conductor from 1904 to 1917
Peter van Anrooy - Conductor from 1917 to 1935
Frits Schuurman - Conductor from 1938 to 1949
Willem van Otterloo - Conductor from 1949 to 1973
Jean Martinon - Conductor from 1974 to 1976
Ferdinand Leitner - Conductor from 1976 to 1980
Hans Vonk - Conductor from 1980 to 1992
Nicholas Collon - Conductor from 2018
Anja Bihlmaier - Conductor from 2021
|City||The Hague, Netherlands|
Henri Viotta founded the orchestra in 1904. The orchestra received its first acclaim during the 1911 Richard Strauss Festival, in which the composer himself conducted some of his works. The orchestra soon attracted other composers such as Igor Stravinsky, Max Reger, Maurice Ravel, and Paul Hindemith.
In 1915 the Residentie Orchestra took over the summertime performances of the Kurzaal Concerts in Scheveningen from the Lamoureux Orchestra. The orchestra's second chief conductor was the composer and conductor Peter van Anrooy, from 1917 until his resignation in 1935. Frits Schuurman became the next chief conductor, holding the post through World War II. After the war, Willem van Otterloo led the orchestra as chief conductor from 1949 to 1973.
The orchestra has undertaken several major tours which included cities such as New York City, Boston, Chicago, Vienna, Munich and Berlin. It has performed under guest conductors including Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Hans Knappertsbusch, Carl Schuricht, Arturo Toscanini, and Bruno Walter. The orchestra has commercially recorded works by Dutch composers such as Alphons Diepenbrock and Johannes Verhulst. A selection of recordings made during the fifties at the Amsterdam Concertgebouw under the baton of Willem van Otterloo has been issued on CD in 2007. The orchestra made its first appearance at The Proms in September 2008.
In October 2012, the city council of The Hague announced a reduction in the municipal subsidy for the orchestra, from 5.1 million € to 3.5 million €. The orchestra subsequently expressed concerns of consequences to the orchestra such as job losses for a number of the musicians, and diminished representation of larger-scale symphonic works in the orchestra's concert repertoire. Wikipedia