Mahler began work on the Piano Quartet towards the end of his first year at the Vienna Conservatory, when he was around 15 or 16 years of age. The piece had its first performance on July 10, 1876 at the Conservatory with Mahler at the piano, but it is unclear from surviving documentation whether the quartet was complete at this time. In several letters, Mahler mentions a quartet or quintet, but there is no clear reference to this piano quartet. Following this performance the work was performed at the home of Dr. Theodor Billroth, who was a close friend of Johannes Brahms. The final known performance of the Quartet in the 19th century was at Iglau on September 12, 1876, with Mahler again at the piano; it was performed along with a violin sonata by Mahler that has not survived.

Date of composition 1876
Premiered 1876, July 10th in Vienna, Austria by Gustav Mahler
First published 1973, Musikverlag Hans Sikorski in Hamburg, Germany
Type Piano Quartet
Tonality A Minor
Instruments Violin
Autotranslations beta Gustav Mahler: Quatuor pour piano en la mineur
Gustav Mahler: Quartetto per pianoforte in la minore
Gustav Mahler: Quartett für Klavier a-moll