Oscar Wilde originally wrote his Salomé in French. Strauss saw the play in Lachmann's version and immediately set to work on an opera. The play's formal structure was well-suited to musical adaptation. Wilde himself described Salomé as containing "refrains whose recurring motifs make it so like a piece of music and bind it together as a ballad".

Librettist Hedwig Lachmann (after Oscar Wilde)
Date of composition 1905 (1903-1905)
Premiered 1905, December 9th in Dresden, Germany
First published 1905, Adolph Fürstner in Berlin, Germany
Type Opera
Catalogue TrV 215
Approx. duration 100 minutes
Spoken language German
Instruments Orchestra
Chorus/Choir - (all silent)
Voice (Tenor) - Herodes, Tetrarch of Judaea and Perea
Voice (Mezzo-Soprano) - Herodias, his wife (and sister-in-law)
Voice (Soprano) - Salome, his stepdaughter (and niece)
Voice (Baritone) - Jochanaan (John the Baptist)
Voice (Tenor) - Narraboth, Captain of the Guard
Voice (Contralto) - The Page of Herodias
Voice (Tenor) - First Jew
Voice (Tenor) - Second Jew
Voice (Tenor) - Third Jew
Voice (Tenor) - Fourth Jew
Voice (Bass) - Fifth Jew
Voice (Bass) - First Nazarene
Voice (Tenor) - Second Nazarene
Voice (Bass) - First soldier
Voice (Bass) - Second soldier
Voice (Bass) - A Cappadocian
Voice - High ; A slave
Autotranslations beta Richard Strauss: Salome, TrV 215
Richard Strauss: Salome, TrV 215
Richard Strauss: Salome, TrV 215