Christus am Ölberge (in English, Christ on the Mount of Olives), Op. 85, is an oratorio by Ludwig van Beethoven portraying the emotional turmoil of Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane prior to his crucifixion. It was begun in the fall of 1802, soon after his completion of the Heiligenstadt Testament, as indicated by evidence in the Wielhorsky sketchbook. The libretto in German is by the poet Franz Xaver Huber, editor of the Wiener Zeitung, with whom Beethoven worked closely. It was written in a very short period; in a letter to Breitkopf & Härtel written shortly after the oratorio's completion, Beethoven spoke of having written it in "a few weeks", although he later claimed that the piece required no more than 14 days to complete. It was first performed on April 5, 1803 at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna; in 1811, it was revised by Beethoven for publication by Breitkopf & Härtel. The 10 years that passed between the composition of the work and its publication resulted in its being assigned a relatively high opus number.

Librettist Franz Xaver Huber (1760-1810)
Date of composition 1803
Premiered 1803, April 5th (Theater an der Wien) in Vienna, Austria
First published 1811
Type Oratorio
Tonality E-flat Major
Catalogue Op. 85
Approx. duration 50 minutes
Spoken language German
Instruments Voice - Solo voices ; Soprano, Tenor, Bass
Chorus/Choir - Mixed Chorus ;
Autotranslations beta Ludwig van Beethoven: Christ on the Mount of Olives en mi bémol majeur, Op. 85
Ludwig van Beethoven: Christ on the Mount of Olives in mi bemolle maggiore, Op. 85
Ludwig van Beethoven: Christ on the Mount of Olives Es-dur, Op. 85