The piece is subtitled "Homenagem ao índio brasileiro" (Homage to the Brazilian indian), is in the key of E minor, and is the fourth of the Five Preludes, written in 1940. The others are in E minor, E major, A minor, and D major. It was first performed, together with its four companions, by Abel Carlevaro in Montevideo on 11 December 1942 (Villa-Lobos, sua obra 2009, 153).

Tempo Lento—Animato—Moderato
Type Prelude
Tonality E Minor
Instruments Guitar
Autotranslations beta Heitor Villa-Lobos: Prélude n°4 en mi mineur
Heitor Villa-Lobos: Preludio n. 4 in mi minore
Heitor Villa-Lobos: Präludium Nr. 4 e-moll